Principles of Diabetes Treatment for Health Care Professionals

Many people have been or will be diagnosed with diabetes. They vary in age, culture and socio-economic background as well as the ability and motivation to treat their diabetes. Just as there are different people with diabetes, there are also different treatment options for the disease which range from simple to complex. Diabetes treatment focuses on "individualization," requiring healthcare professionals to balance the complexity of diabetes care, individual values, preferences, and capabilities with the avoidance of harm. This course is designed to provide healthcare professionals with knowledge of current treatment options for each type of diabetes. Insulin, insulin administration methods and oral agent options will be explored. Strategies for preventing and treating complications associated with diabetes will also be discussed.

This is a self-paced course with optional knowledge check quizzes after each lesson. These non-graded quizzes allow you to check your understanding of the lesson objectives before proceeding to the next lesson. After the final lesson you will be required to take the final exam. You must score 80% or higher to pass the course and obtain a certificate of completion.

  • Compare and contrast the different classifications of diabetes.
  • Identify criteria for diagnosis of diabetes.
  • Describe the main goals of diabetes care and treatment.
  • Identify the affect of insulin on glucose levels and factors affecting the body's insulin needs.
  • Compare and contrast the different insulin types, regimens and administration methods.
  • Demonstrate the proper method for drawing up and mixing insulin.
  • Describe the need for and different types of oral anti-diabetic medications.
  • Explain the different types of blood glucose monitoring methods and target ranges for each type.
  • Outline the general principals and recommendations for healthy diet and exercise with diabetes.
  • Identify important general health considerations and microvascular complications for people with diabetes.
Contact Time

2.5 contact hour(s) based on 60 minute contact hour

Estimated Time

The estimated time for completion for this activity is 2.5 hours

Intended Audience

This continuing education course is of interest for all healthcare professionals that communicate with patients and peers, such as: licensed practical nurses, registered nurse, physical therapists, dietitians, and social workers.

Course Planning Team

Kathy Richie, BSN, RN, Patricia Jump, RN, PHN, MA

Course Expiration Date

As required by ANCC, this continuing nursing education activity must carry an expiration date. You must complete the content, Final Quiz and Course Survey on or before that day. The last day to successfully complete this course and receive a Certificate of Completion will be December 31, 2019.

WNA/CEAP - Wisconsin Nurses Association
"Rochester Community and Technical College is an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the Wisconsin Nurses Association, an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation."
Provider Approval Number 0149-006;
Disclosure Statements:

Commercial Support: This course was developed in accordance with ANCC Commercial Support Guidelines. No commercial support was accepted for the development of this course.

Non-endorsement of Products and Off Label Use: This course provides a balanced view of therapeutic options. Use of generic names is always considered before using trade names. Consequently, if trade names are necessary, when available, we will use trade names from several companies. RCTC and the course planning team do not endorsed any products or drugs that may be mentioned in this course.

Author Updating

Audrey J. Weymiller - RN CNP Ph.D.

Ms. Weymiller is a Nurse Practioner in the Division of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolism/Endocrine Research/Department of Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Rochester MN. She received her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire; her Master of Nursing as a Family Nurse Practitioner from the University of Washington, Seattle; and her Ph.D. (c) in nursing from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.  <br><br> Audrey is a board certified Family Nurse Practitioner as well as being certified by the American Nurses Credentialing Center in Advanced Diabetes Management. Her most recent awards include the King Hussein Scholar in Nursing Research from the Mayo Clinic Department of Nursing as well as Hartford Geriatric Nursing Education Scholar and M& M Fellowship in Geriatric Nursing Research from the University of Minnesota. She is a member of the American Diabetes Association, Professional Section; Minnesota Diabetes Steering Committee and Diabetes Prevention Working Group with the Minnesota Department of Health.  <br><br> In her current position at Mayo Clinic, Audrey is involved with clinical research on the changes in muscle with aging and diabetes and the effects of exercise as well as working with RN case managers on strategies such as motivational interviewing and self-management.

Author Originating

Patricia Jump - RN PHN MA

Technical Nurse Consultant, President Acorn's End Training and Consulting. Patricia Jump received her Bachelor's in Nursing Degree from Winona State University and her Masters of Arts Degree in Health and Human Services Administration from St. Mary's University. She has over 25 years experience in the health care field and almost two decades of public speaking experience. As a professional trainer and consultant, Patricia conducts seminars across the country for all levels of employees in business, professional associations, educational organizations, churches, and government agencies. Additionally, she serves as personal coach, consultant, and retreat facilitator for home care leaders and organizations throughout the nation.


Materials used in connection with this course may be subject to copyright protection. Retention of the materials for longer than the class term, unauthorized further dissemination of the materials, or use of copyrighted materials in any way other than intended for this class is prohibited by Copyright and Teach Act laws.


This course was developed with Rochester Community and Technical College's Continuing Education and Workforce Development Division located in Rochester Minnesota. Development was funded from the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System.

Course Code
Course Category
Professional Health